Water Conservation Techniques for Homeowners

Brad Smith
Written By Brad Smith

The increase in demand for water is due to population growth and other factors. This has made water conservation efforts important for homeowners and communities at large. Implementing sustainable conservation measures enables homeowners to reduce their water bills and live sustainably. 

Despite being an endless resource, climate change and increase in population have strained the available resources. Conservation measures are essential to alleviate stress on water resources. Homeowners should adopt the following conservation techniques:

water conservation techniques for homeowners

1. Fix Leaks Promptly

Fixing leaks is a primary yet effective water conservation measure. Leaks are among the leading causes of wastage in most homes. Leaks in your home may seem minor but collectively lead to significant losses.

Unfortunately, this occurs in various parts of your home’s plumbing system. You can experience leaks in the toilets or pipes. Similarly, identifying leaks in hidden areas may prove challenging. Nonetheless, homeowners should prioritize fixing them to conserve water. Fixing leaks reduces water consumption and utility bills. Beyond these, you should fix leaks for the following additional benefits:

  • Avoid property damage: Unchecked water leaks cause structural damage to your home. For instance, leaking plumbing pipes stain walls.
  • Preserve indoor air quality: Leaks create a moist environment that compromises indoor air quality and poses serious health risks to household occupants.
  • Conserve energy: Besides water wastage, leaks also lead to energy loss, especially when hot water leaks. Water heaters also work harder to maintain the desired temperatures, increasing utility bills.

Fixing leakage in your home conserves water and promotes sustainability. This reduces the strain on the available water resources.

2. Collect Rainwater

Collecting rainwater runoff from the various surfaces allows homeowners to harness free water that would otherwise be lost to drains and evaporation. Collecting rainwater offers plenty of practical solutions for conserving water. 

For starters, it reduces the demand for state-supplied water. Using rainwater for various activities at home, be it watering the lawn or washing your car, offsets your reliance on treated drinking water. This helps conserve the already limited state-supplied water sources, especially during drought or when water suppliers face shortages. 

Rainwater is also a free and sustainable water source. Unlike surface or groundwater, which may get depleted or contaminated, the water cycle naturally replenishes rainwater. Fortunately, homeowners who find rainwater slightly hard to use can soften it using these best water softeners for Arizona.

Thirdly, rainwater also allows homeowners to be drought-resilient. Harvesting water on a large scale will enable homeowners to survive even in extended periods of drought or water shortages. You can use stored harvested water for your irrigation needs and other basic uses at home.

You can use rainwater in your garden and backyard sustainably. Instead of relying on municipal water, which may contain additives and other chemicals, using rainwater nourishes your plants. Rainwater is typically soft and doesn’t contain chlorine. This makes it ideal and safe for use in the garden.

Lastly, though not directly related to conservation, it helps mitigate surface runoff. Stormwater runoff is known to cause soil erosion and pollution, especially in urban areas, and preventing runoff mitigates the effects of free-flowing water.

3. Opt for Drought-Resistant Plants

Practicing drought-resistant landscaping is a proactive conservation measure. This reduces outdoor water usage while ensuring your landscape remains lush and attractive. This typically involves planting plants with minimal water needs.

This is an excellent option for homeowners living in regions that experience frequent drought conditions. Choosing landscaping plants adapted to these conditions reduces overall irrigation needs and water demands. 

Drought-resistant plants conserve water obviously by eliminating the need for regular watering. Most homeowners grow plants that require regular watering to grow. However, some drought-resistant options can survive with minimal or no watering, especially after they’ve been established. They have interesting adaptive features that enable them to thrive under these conditions. Homeowners should follow the following principles to achieve a drought-resistant landscape:

  • Choose appropriate plants: Choose native plants that adapt to local climatic conditions. Prioritize the watering needs of every plant before planting in your lawn.
  • Mulch: Applying organic mulch around plants improves soil water retention abilities. It also suppresses the growth of weeds.
  • Improve lawn soil: Adding organic matter like compost improves soil structure.
  • Irrigate effectively: Use efficient options like drip to save water. Drip irrigation delivers water directly to the root zone, minimizing water wastage. Overhead sprinklers and other methods lead to water loss through runoff and evaporation.

Homeowners should generally water their lawns wisely. Doing this encourages plants to adapt drought-resistant characteristics. Following these tips and planting drought-resistant plants helps homeowners create a beautiful yet water-efficient landscape.

4. Embrace Water-Saving Habits

Homeowners can also conserve water by embracing positive habits. These are basically practical ways of reducing water consumption at home. Making simple efforts to change your daily routine can significantly reduce water needs.

While they may seem basic, these simple practices save on water. For instance, taking shorter showers saves water. For this, consider installing low-flow shower heads that help reduce water usage without compromising pressure. Most people leave their taps running when brushing, shaving, or washing dishes, but letting them run wastes numerous gallons of water. Switch off for a few minutes as you complete these activities.

Another practical option is running household appliances like the dishwasher, on full loads only. These household appliances consume a lot of water. Running them with partial loads wastes a lot of water and energy. Alternatively, use appropriate water loads for smaller loads.

Lastly, you should reuse greywater. Greywater collected after dishwashing or bathing is relatively clean. You can reuse it for other activities at home, such as flushing toilets or watering. For this, consider installing a greywater collection and recycling system.

5. Practice Smart Irrigation

Irrigation is among the leading water consumers in most homes. Embracing these practices helps minimize water usage in your home. Most systems have advanced technologies that enable them to deliver the right amount of water based on plant needs. These systems also adjust irrigation schedules to avoid overwatering.

Smart systems deliver water directly to the root zones. This means there is no runoff or possible evaporation as it occurs with contemporary systems. For instance, drip irrigation delivers water slowly to the base of the plants. This ensures maximum absorption of moisture by the roots.

Similarly, all smart irrigation systems have remote control abilities. This allows homeowners to adjust watering schedules and track water usage from their smartphones on the go. This convenience allows homeowners to monitor the performance of their system and make timely adjustments to optimize water usage.

Smart systems also allow homeowners to water during optimal times. Timing your watering schedule can save water. For instance, watering during early morning or late evening when there are low evaporation rates consumes less water. You should avoid watering during the hottest times as moisture will most likely evaporate before reaching the roots.


Homeowners play an important role in water conservation. Implementing various practical strategies enable them to minimize water wastage and promote sustainable usage. However, this requires that they adopt a holistic approach, which includes fixing leaks, changing their lawns, and collecting rainwater, among other practices. Homeowners should also proactively educate others on the importance and tips of conserving water.

smith brad omni

Written by Brad Smith

CEO & Lead Interior Designer

Brad Smith is an experienced interior designer and the founder of OmniHomeIdeas.com. With a Master's degree in Interior Design from Pratt Institute and a passion for creating safe and healthy living spaces, Brad shares his expert insights and innovative design ideas with our readers. His work is driven by the belief that home is where every story begins.